Its largest city and capital is Chennai.
It is a union territory of Puducherry and is the southern state of Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra
Tamil Nadu is the 10th largest state in India by area and 6th in population.
Tamil is the sole official language of Tamil Nadu while English is declared an additional official language for communication purposes. When India adopted national standards Tamil was the first language to be recognised as a classical language of India.
The economy of Tamil Nadu is the second largest in India with 18.45 rupees trillion.
There are about 2000 species of wildlife that are native to Tamil Nadu.
Protected areas provide safe habitat for large mammals including elephants, tigers, resident and migratory birds such as cormorants, darters, herons, egrets, open-billed
storks, spoonbills and white ibises, little grebes, Indian moorhen, black-winged stilts, a few migratory ducks and occasionally grey pelicans, marine species such as the dugongs, turtles, dolphins, Balanoglossus and a wide variety of fish and insects.
Map of Tamil Nadu
Mudumalai National Park
- The Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary also a declared tiger reserve, lies on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills (Blue Mountains),
in Nilgiri District, about 150 kilometres (93 mi) north-west of Coimbatore city in Tamil Nadu, India.
- Eight percent of bird species in India occur in the Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary. Among the 227 bird species found in Mudumalai, 110 species are insectivores, 62 are carnivores, 23 species are fishivores, 12 species are omnivores and 20 species are granivores.
- •ItsharesitsboundarieswiththestatesofKarnatakaandKerala.Thesanctuaryis divided into five ranges – Masinagudi, Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi and Nellakota.
- Tamil Nadu state government declared Mudumalai to be a tiger reserve, under section 38V of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972
- In the 5 km buffer area around the park fear they, will be evicted and nobody will be dislodged from the buffer zone.
- In fact, some people in this zone will become trackers and guides to enhance their income through eco-tourism.
- To approve mudumalai national park, 5 crores in National Conservation Tiger Authority on 16th September 2010
- The Habitant found in the mudumalai national park is tropical moist forest.
- Along with this scrub forest and tropical dry forest are found here.
- Moist bamboo brakes are found amidst dry deciduous, moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forests and along the fringes of riparian forests and swamps.
There is a high diversity of animal life in the sanctuary with about 50 species of fishes, 21 species of amphibians, 34 species of reptiles, 227 species of birds and 55 species of mammals.
The indian leopard is the most often animal seen in the kargudi area
Some reptiles found here are the python, spectacled cobra, krait and Asian pit vipers. The monitor lizard is the most regularly observed species.
The extensive growth of Invasive species, such as lantana, that hinder the natural regeneration process of the forests has incurred with an excessive cattle grazing.
The threaten to disrupt
the wildlife corridor on the Sigeur plateau, which includes Mudumalai Sanctuary, connecting the Western
Ghats and Eastern Ghats
- the 227 bird species found in Mudumalai, 110 species
are insectivores, 62 are carnivores, 23 species are fishivores, 12 species are omnivores and 20 species are granivores. These include the unique near threatened black-and-orange flycatcher.
The rarest bird is rufous bellied eagle which is occasionally found in this sanctuary.
Regional endemics include Malabar trogon and Malabar grey hornbill.