- Geography of the place: Uttarakhand
- Landscape of the National Park
- Ecology of the National
- Park Flora
- Wildlife Conservation:
- Project Tiger and Project Elephant
- Lies between 28o 44′ & 31o 28′ N Latitude and 77o 35′ & 81o 01′ East longitude
- Area of the state is 53483 sq. km
Terrain and Topography
Hilly with large areas under snow cover and steep slopes
Represents a cross- section of the Himalaya-
- The Trans-Himalaya
- Greater Himalaya or Himadri
- Lesser Himalaya
- Shiwalik Ranges
- The Plains of
Dehradun, Haridwar and Udham Singh Nagar.
Landscape of the National Park
- Located in the Dehradun, Pauri Garhwal and Haridwar districts of Uttarakhand
- The Ganges flows through the National Park for a distance of 24km.
- The park has innumerable streams and brooks- making it rich and diverse.
- Also offers ample opportunities to nature lovers to enjoy the captivating landscape.
Ecology of the Park
- Has the largest area representing Shiwalik Eco-system.
- The forests at the foothills are endowed with Sal trees and bamboo shoots.
- Represents vegetation of several distinct zones and forest types
- Low Alluvial Savannah Woodlands cover the
drier southern margins of the park, in contrast to the Shiwalik Chir-Pine on the high reaches of the hills.
Catamixis bracharoides Eremostachys superba Anogeissue latifolia
Terminalia tomentosa Adina cordifolia
Lannea coromandelica Garuga pinnata
- Mammals: Elephants, Tiger, Mountain goat, Goral, Sambar, Barking deer, Hog deer, Nilgai, Wild pigs, etc.
- Reptiles and insects: Pythons, King cobras, Indian monitor lizard, scolid wasps along with 60 species of butterflies
- Birds: Chestnut-headed, Blue tailed, Green and Blue- bearded Bee-eaters, etc.
- Rajaji tiger reserve holds a population of approximately 200 tigers.
- The launching of Project Tiger in the Park has helped immensely in the conservation of tigers
- Ample funding has improved infrastructure and resources, including trained manpower to protect wildlife and improve the quality of their habitat.
- Steps like setting up Rajaji Tiger foundation and
State Tiger Protection Force also helped in the long pending issue of rehabilitation of tribals and the shifting railway track.
- Rajaji is a part of the Shivalik Elephant Reserve notified in 2002 – one of the 11 Elephant reserves in India and the only Elephant Reserve in the state.
- This reserve holds a population of more than 1500 elephants.
- The Park marks the northernlimits of the Asiatic elephant, is one of the safest heavens for jumbos in the country.